notes: the yoga of time travel

the yoga of time travel:  how the mind can defeat time, by fred alan wolf phd, 2004 quest books

“to time travel you need to leave some baggage behind.  nothing too big – just your ego, is all.  for what clouds the time traveler’s access to the future and the past is nothing more than the illusion that she is a singular entity, an ego or ‘i’, living in an objectifiable world of time and space.  this illusion is extremely difficult to break free of, no doubt.   krishna tells arjuna that to do this he must become a devotee of krishna himself.  by that he means seeing into the great creator-destroyer that is time in and of itself.  what does this mean in the context of this book?  what is the ego, anyway?  we will see that it is actually defined in terms of what it does:  it acts as a focus for possibilities, a way to change the possible outcomes of a person’s life into actualities.  in doing so, it also acts as an anchor pinning the mind in time rather than in the timeless realm of krishna” p19
“every soul on earth, whether or not that soul remembers it, desires something that is impossible to manifest.  this one desire acts as fuel for all desires. every soul desires to be one with krishna, even while remaining in the illusion!  that means that each one of us desirs to be a supreme master of all that is.  from the meekest to the boldest, from those who profess egoless devotion to those who assert themselves controlling dynasties, corporations, or just mastering poses in yoga, all of us are here because we desire to be eone with god, the creator, sustainer, and destroyer of all.

“clearly, no individual is capable of taking on the role of the supreme lord.  krishna realizes this and knows what every soul wants at heart; so to accommodate them all, he gives every sentient form the ability to focus and defocus possibility, which has much to do with the sense that we can control events in our lives.   recognizing also that each one will eventually see the futility inherent in this illusion of control, krishna nevertheless allows each one to die and reincarnate over and over agin, enabling the illusion to persist as long as each being remains enchanted by it.

“in this way, each of us may forget krishna, forget to peer into the body of time, and enjoy some feeling of power over a piece of the illusionary play.” p19-20

“indian society, on the other hand, ‘seems to have the notion that time as experienced depends on the state of awareness of the individual, and hence time functions in a variety of subjective forms.  so chronology in india is unreliable, in any linear objective sense, and most events were simply ‘a long time ago.”  that is, the indian mind does not see time as a simple imaginary scaffolding – something projected by t he mind ‘out there’ as a skeleton or framework upon which the real business of the world is measured and compared.  instead, time exists integrally and inseparably from space and matter;  as a result, it can change in a nonlinear manner.” p29-30

“we may not be able to appreciate the full impact of einstein’s proposal today, f or during the past fifty years or so we have become more receptive to nonmechanical and even spiritual ideas making their way into scientific thinking.  but in the late nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth, western society had quite a mechanical view of the world.  a rigid materialism had developed and spread across europe, and soon after, along with the tide of european immigrants, the currents of culture had carried it across the atlantic to the united states.  a quiet kind of arrogance ensued as many scientists claimed the age of scientific discovery was over.” p43

“ramana explained to those who inquired that it is the mind that is vast, not the world.  the knower is ever greater than the known, and the seer is greater than the seen.  that which is known is contained within the knower, and that which is seen is in the seer; the vast expanse of the sky is in the mind, not outside, because the mind is everywhere and there is no outside to it.

“…the primary ignorance, out of which all external phenomena appear to arise, is the ego-sense.  going beyond this sense becomes a difficult task.  you need to accept the role of primary ignorance and its limitation and see how the world of your own ignorant mind sets into motion a limited way of fear connected to your belief that you are confined by space and time.” p56

“here is the essential key that opens the lock to time travel:  find ways to suspend your bodily awareness.  this can be accomplished in two paradoxically differrent ways.  one way is to do as maharshi did – contemplate your essential self by holding one thought in your mind, ‘i am not the body.’  the second way involves practicing mindfully what patanjali calls asanas, the physical poses and reposes used to bring the mind to concentration and absorption.  as iyengar explains, this often involves perfecting the asanas, going beyond the trials of learning the poses to discover both the power and the limitations of the finite body. that is, by becoming fully conscious of the body, the practitioner realizes that he or she is other than the body and merges with the soul.” p50

“when it comes to measuring time, even though we all know what a watch does, and even what an atomic clock does, we don’t really know what we are measuring because we can’t compare any one measurement with anything else….i can’t even compare the second that just passed with the one i am experiencing now…we never get our hands on that interval.  i may have a concept about these two different seconds, but since those times are not ‘present’ here and now for me to perceive, they remain immeasurable.

“all past times remain so.  all future times also are immeasurable, since they, too, are not here at hand, as it were.  we can anticipate the future time only in our imaginations, and the past times are only in our memories – if we have them, and if not, past events too are only experienced in our imagination.

“so that leaves just the time you are experiencing now as a possibly measurable quantity.  but the instant you claim to measure it, by, say, looking at the watch on your writs, that time mysteriously vanishes into the great depths of the immeasurable past.  hence,  has any time actually ever been measured?  has any time really ever ‘passed?’…thus there really is no  present moment – or no past moment or future moment – ever present at all.  it appears that time is moving, but if you actually look close enough, what you’ll see is one thing vanishing and another appearing.  your mind puts these vanishing and appearing acts together and connects them, and in doing so provides you with your first, and primary illusion of continuity, meaning the semblance of past, present, and future.  but as with any good illusion, don’t fall for it;  it is your trickster-mind fooling you into believing in the persistence of time.” p60-1

“an animal darts out into the street ahead of your car, and you manage to hit t he brakes in less than a half-second from the tie the light form the headlights reflects from the animal to your eyes.  there are many other equally ordinary examples in which, libet would ague, the person is totally unconscious at the time of response.  that is, the reaction is faster than the perception.

“libet refers to his theory of consciousness as ‘subjective antedating’ or subjective referral in time.  his data show that a person, although able to react to stimuli withing a hundred-thousandths (100 milliseconds) of a second, is not actually aware of what he or she is reacting to for several hundred milliseconds, up to a full half-second.  yet when asked just when he or she became aware of a stimulus produced by a certain event, the person responds as if he or she were aware at the time of the event itself.

“a good example would be a 100-meter runner at a track meet.  he leaves the starting block around 100 milliseconds after the starter has fired his gun.  but it is not until some 250-400 milliseconds later that he actually perceives the gun shot.  by this time he is well on the way towards the finish line, perhaps five meters down the track.  yet if we ask him later about his experience, he will say he was conscious of the shot at the time he pushed off from the block.  amazing as it may sound to us, libet claims that it is not possible for the runner to be conscious of the shot even though he responds as if he were.” p66-7

“the concept of ‘temporal thickness.’  having a certain thickness in time means that our human experience can’t really be narrowed down to infinitesimal instances – one following the next, in order.  rather, each instance must be ‘fuzzy,’ or spread out, occupying an extent of time.” p76.

“there may be a field acting in the fourth dimension, tending to keep us moving toward the future, just as gravity acts in three-dimensional space, tending to keep us moving downward.” p78

“an entire human life, which exists over time, can be conceptualized as a four-dimensional tube set in a four-dimensional block of spacetime.  the time traveler explains that each of us exists as a solid entity in four dimensions.  every person has fuzzy thicknesses extending in all dimensions and consciousness precipitating out, instant by instant, like a dew drop from a fog, with each drop a fuzzy cross section of the person’s whole life.   although we exist as four-dimensional beings frozen in space-time, we only experience the precipitation process, moment by moment.  consciousness moves along only one of those dimensions – the time dimension – and only ‘sees’ a cross section of the whole, which it takes to be the whole being at a certain time…a living person would be the whole tube extended in four dimensions, so that an actual baby appears as a three-dimensional cross section through the tube, a young man as another cross section, and an old man as another, taken at the end of the temporal dimension for that particular individual.

“this notion of ‘block spacetime’ is pervasive in modern physics theory arising from minkowski’s vision discussed in chapter 3.  ‘ordinary’ time travel frees one from the ‘time tube’ instantaneous cross section in four-dimensional spacetime and allows one to move along the temporal dimension as freely as one moves from one room of a house to another.  to actually accomplish this, however, means finding some technology that can counter the natural tendency to move along the tube in a singe direction – into the future – instant by instant as we all seem compelled to do.” p79

“most of today’s sciences undergo change as the discoveries made in them through the use of quantum physical principles became more evident.”  p99

“the autonomy principle.  it says that we can do experiments in our local neighborhood without reference to or concern for the rest of the universe…said differently, i can assume that the actions of distant stars and planets need not be taken into account when i boil water for tea or decide to take the dog for a walk.  if this principle wasn’t true, any action i take would evoke all kinds of consequences for the rest of the world or even the universe at large.

“magical belief systems base their logic on just such notions:  that we are not autonomous, that everything is connected.

“together, the autonomy principle and the grandfather and creativity paradoxes constitute an unstated assumption called the chronology tenet that concludes simply:  you cannot move backward through time.  if the chronology tenet is not actually a part of physics, why do we believe in it?  the reason has more to do with our commonsense view of causality than with physics. we believe that if something happens, there must have been a prior cause plus a means by which the cause leads to the effect.  travel into the future does not violate this commonsense view, but travel to the past, even for the briefest of times, apparently does.

“let’s examine this conclusion more clearly.  we have seen how the general theory and the special theories of relativity introduce new ideas about time.  specifically, through the time dilation effect, which briefly says that when in motion time slows down, the special theory of relativity allows us to travel to the distant future while aging minimally.  here no causality paradoxes are encountered, even though such travel would certainly be weird.” p99-100

but does travel to the past really violate the laws of causality?  if we examine closely what we mean by time in light of quantum physics principles, we find that travel to the  past does not violate any of the paradoxes or principles of the chronology tenet, and in fact remains within the laws of causality.  to see how this is so, we need to consider how the physics of general relativity predicts the existence of what are called closed timelike lines.  these are trajectories through space that at first move forward in time but then curve around and go backward through time, arriving right back where they started at precisely the time they started.  the word timelike here just means that any motion along that line will appear to be going in the direction of ever-increasing time for the one moving along it less than the speed of light.  the lines are called timelike because anyone moving along them would experience the clock ticking along normally.  when the person arrives in the past, the clock would show a normal time advance.  and the lines are called closed to remind us that they loop backward in time.  later, we will see what happens when we open them, but allow them still to go back in time.  these closed lines in spacetime were first found to be solutions to einstein’s general theory of relativity equations by kurt godel.  although they seem to be physically impossible, it turns out that the general theory of relativity does not find them so.

“we also need to examine quantum physics’ notion of parallel universes:  the proposition that instead of a single universe containing all there is, there are an infinite number of universes; the matter in all the other universes manifests as ‘parallel ghosts’ when contemplated from any single universe.  all of time travel’s paradoxes are resolved, provided that closed timelike lines can be opened so that they thread their way into parallel worlds.” p100-101

“hoyle based his tale on the parallel-universes interpretation of quantum physics by implying that other times could coexist as if they were parallel universes overlapping with ours in our time period.  it may appear strange to the reader that a theory of science like quantum physics can have different interpretations.  although quantum physics is a well-founded theory and its equations are certainly not in question, there are several competing understandings of just what quantum physics means.  surprising and fantastic as it may seem, the parallel-universes interpretation appears to be the most straightforward, but certainly controversial, understanding of quantum  physics to date.  however, regardless of interpretation, quantum physics has proved itself to be the best physical theory we have to date.  so far, nothing contradicts its bizarre predictions, and we have been witnessing its implications for well over a hundred years.  in fact, it is the basis of today’s age of information technology. p102-3

“in the parallel-universe view of quantum physics, when the same weighted die is rolled, all of the numbers show up after a single roll.  the reason we see only one number is that each time an observation occurs, the observer splits and enters into each of the six worlds predicted – again her appearance in these alternative universe being dictated by the weighting of the odds.  the world where she observes the number 3 is five times as likely as any of the other worlds where the other numbers are observed by parallel ‘shes’.  yet all of th worlds supposedly occur.  how are we to understand one world being ‘heavier,’ in a probability sort of way, than any off the others?  this question , in fact, is what convines many physicists that parallel universes are implausible.

“…in spite of its bizarreness, the parallel-universes view of quantum physics remains a completely deterministic theory – it accounts for our subjective experiences by providing a reasonable history of possible outcomes we would, or could, se ein each of the worlds we happen to inhabit.  in other worlds, in whichever world we are, the results we see will be consistent with the classical view.  it explains probability outcomes by taking all outcomes into account, provided we let the observers of those outcomes multiply without end.

“any universe you may inhabit at the moment will seem real enough with the others hidden from plain view.  however, the same thing will be true for each off the other universes and other ‘yous’ as well.  that’s what makes parallel universes seem so unbelievable;  how can there be copies of me that i have no knowledge of?” p104-5
you can think of it in two ways.  you exist in parallel worlds that are indistinguishable from each other as far as you can determine.  hence, they don’t exist as separate worlds for you.  for you and your ‘twins’ there will be just one ‘you’ experiencing one universe.  thus we have the remarkable situation that one universe at any time has an infinite number of identical copies, and you are in all of them dong texactly the same thing you are doing in this universe – wherever and whenever ‘this’ universe happens to be.

“i suggest that this ‘fact’ of quantum physics lies at the root of the inherent stability of all atoms and thus all material objects, and that it is largely responsible for the inertia of objects and why matter appears as solid as it does.  every object in the universe, large or small, is incessantly splitting, and these splits, resulting in multiple appearances in multiple universes, reinforce each other, making the objects appear solid in every one of the universes…

“if you can’t see any difference between any of these worlds, then why bother with them at all?  that’s where the closed timelike lines come in.  we need these parallel universes to make time travel a reality, and we need closed timelike lines to make the paradoxes of time travel go away.  closed timelike lines must open out and thread their way through these universes in order that no paradoxes occur.

“remember the example of the four-dimensional tube discussed in the previous chapter?  that tube stretched across time from birth to death and, in terms of timelike lines, is an open tube of lines.  but just imagine the death end of the tube joined to the birth end, so that the tube now becomes made up of closed timelike lines.  the paradox immediately arises that the person is now not only in two places at the same time, but is also two people of different ages at the same time!

“as we see in the upcoming resolution of the chronology tenet, time-travel paradoxes are resolved by opening closed timelike loops so that they thread from one parallel universe to another.  now, for example, when a dying traveler goes back in time to his birth, he ends u p in a parallel universe where he sees his parallel self being born.  strange, yes, but not forbidden by the laws of physics.” p105-6

“until very recent times, it was believed that quantum physics only applied to the atomic and subatomic world, a world that was well below human perception.  today, scientists believe that quantum physical effects can also be observed on a larger time and space scale, well within the world of human perception.”  p116

“to arrive at a probability for a sequence of events, you have to imagine the possibility moving as a wave through time from a specific starting point (for example, the flipping of the coin), then reversing itself when the wave reaches a specific future time (the coin landing on the floor), and finally coming backward through  time to where it all started.  these two ‘flows’ of possibility-waves then come together multiplying each other.” p116

“when a possibility-wave completes its turn-around cycle and multiplies with itself, the possibility becomes a probability.  physicists now believe that at this point, the even in question is ‘waiting to be observed,’ so to speak; even though it has not yet been observed, it can no longer be termed unobserved.  in fact, usually, the completion of a cycle and the final observation of an event are simultaneous.  hence, the coin, which was previously capable of existing in one of two possible states (heads or tails), suddenly jumps into one of those states (say, tails) at the instant it is observed.  this is called the quantum physical observer effect.” p117

“1. quantum physics deals with a new kind of object called a possibility-wave, adn everything in the world, including your brain and your mind, has a possibility-wave.
2. possibilitiy-waves travel both forward and backward in time.
3. possibility-waves can be superposed (added together) to create new  possibility-waves.
4.  possibility-waves can be multiplied (squared) to create probabilities.” p121

“two alternative possibilities can interfere with each other.  by ‘interfere’ i mean that two, or more, possible outcomes somehow coalesce and produce a result that isn’t present in either of the source universes taken separately, but appears in a new universe of its own, provided someone makes the attempt to observe it.

“according to deutsch, the two possibilities in the double-slit experiment, although describing only a single particle, are composed of two real, parallel-world particles – each particle really existing somehow in its own separate universe.  both universes are required to explain the interference.  the pattern of hits on the record screen is not a simple compounding of particles passing through one slit or the other, but is the product of each particle interfering with its ‘ghost’ particle in the  other parallel world.  yet since the particles exist in separate and parallel universes, only one particle is ever found in any one universe.  that would explain why only a single spot is observed (in each universe) after the particle passes through the slits.  thus in any single universe, even though the p article in the other universe is not present, the effect of its presence mysteriously changes the course of the observed particle’s history and its final destination.

“parallel universes are not the easiest things to contemplate, and until recently many physicists preferred other interpretations of quantum physics.  in the bohr interpretation (named after niels bohr, a major contributor to the discovery of quantum physics), the observer of an event, such as a particle striking a screen, causes the event to occur.  bohr said that the simple act of observation changes quantum events, turning them from possibility-waves into probabilities.  when an observation takes place, the object under scrutiny is thought to suddenly ‘pop’ into existence.  this has come to be knows as the observer effect.” p122

“either the particles of matter do not exist when they are not observed and are only present when an observation takes place, or the  particles do exist in an infinite number of parallel universes with a single observer branching out as parallel beings in all of them.  in some sense these schools of thought may be saying the same thing, but this possibility is by no means clear.  so far no experiment can tell the difference between any one interpretation and another.  the sudden appearance of an object probably seems just as mysterious as the presence of  parallel universes.  it’s most likely a measure of the limitation of the human mind, which thinks in concrete terms, that the quantum world appears paradoxical and mysterious to our thinking.” p122-3

“the observer effect doesn’t necessarily provide a determined answer for the observer, but it does acknowledge that the object in question is ‘out there,’ waiting to be discovered.  whatever the result will be, the event of its existence is not in question.  whereas before observation, the object in question can not be said to be ‘out there’ at all.  it resides in a mysterious world of possibility-waves.

“in the  parallel universes interpretation, on the other hand, there is nothing special about the observer’s point of view.  when an observer observes an atomic object, the object changes by slitting into parallel worlds – but so does the observer.  the parallel universes interpretation in fact explains the observer effect – the impact an observer has upon a physical system simply because he or she observed it:  nothing magical  happens.  the observer simply becomes part of the universe(s) in which the observation takes place.

“in summary, the bohr interpretation says:  we don’t know how an act of observation really takes place, but it can be imagined as the collapse of the wave to a single point.  in the parallel universes interpretation, no collapse takes place.  instead, all possibilities arise in separate parallel universes.  the possibility-wave is a means to take into account the interference potential of any universe with any other.  thus, when we say an object can move along alternative trajectories in parallel universes, we are saying the same thing as the object has a possibility-wave in one universe.  deutsch clearly had this in mind when he began thinking about quantum computers.  deutsch’s interpretation says:  it’s possible to construct a quantum computer that operates without any collapse effects of observation.  if one does not make any attempt to look into its operation, the quantum computer will perform as if it were in parallel universes rather than in a single universe.  ultimately, when an observer looks in for a result, one can then treat the effect of this observation as if it were a collapse.  the observer simply enters into as many universes as there are possible outcomes form the quantum computer.  since he doesn’t care about he other ‘ghost’ quantum computers, the outcome to him appears as if a collapse had occurred.  in effect, the collapse can be put in the hands f the user.  as i hinted above, this device uses the weirdness of quantum physics to carry out special calculations and predictions.  deutsch reasons that without using the parallel-universes interpretation, it would be difficult to fully understand how a quantum computer would operate.”  p123-4

“one insight to be gained is that time and possibility are intimately connected, far more intimately than could have been even thought about before the discoveries of quantum physics.  the connection between time and possibility is very subtle and has to do with how possibilities change into probabilities when awareness enters into the picture.” p136

“it may be useful to look at what i mean by knowledge and awareness in terms suggested by quantum-physics principles.  awareness is a two-pronged physical action – one, when a possibility changes into a probability and two, when a probability changes.  a probability can change into a certainty or not;  if not, it can become less certain or it can become more certain.  i will at times use the world consciousness to mean the same thing as awareness. knowledge is the outcome of acts of awareness.  it can be thought of objectively as something physical. we experience knowledge as memory.  that is, once we know something it enters memory.  however, knowledge can change,;  it can be gained and even be lost, and awareness can also change knowledge by its action of changing probabilities and possibilities.”  p 136-7

“certainly changing the physical situation as indicated above can change a possibility-wave, for, after all, the possibility-wave represents the physical situation.  in the remainder of this chapter, we will explore another way in which such a change can occur.  we will see how a possibility-wave can change as a result of making different choices in the ways we go about observation.  i call this simply changing awareness.   simple, yes, but such a change is profound in its implication.

“if we can learn to alter our awareness in a certain way – that is, learn to become mind yogis, we can change possibilities, alter outcomes, and even enable outcomes to ‘flow’ as new possibility-waves that eventually emerge as new physical events.” p138

“when a qubit’s possibility-waves add together, they can produce different probabilities of the qubits having values zero or one.  these possibility-waves are crucial to the operation of quantum computers.  in fact, that is the whole point of designing quantum computers in the first place:  to take advantage of this new kind of computer addition called the law of superposition in quantum physics (see chapter 7 and the appendix).  when two opposite qubit possibility-waves are present, the probability for observing a qubit value is different from the situation when only one such wave is present.  the two possibilities crate an interesting situation, in that they can act together and affect quite strongly what takes place in the real world.

“it is strange to think that adding two possibility-waves can product a result that changes our perceived reality.  it certainly seems unreal that a single qubit, or any object for that matter, can move in opposite directions at the same time.  but according to quantum physics, all unobserved objects must behave in this strange way;  they must simultaneously move in as many directions as is possible for them.  because the unobserved qubit can move in both directions at the same time, it will do so.  when we see that adding two possibility-waves together changes both our observation of reality and reality itself, we need to consider that the two possibility-waves might also be ‘real,’ in spite of the imaginal quality of such ideas as negative possibility-waves and the factthat we never see them.” p143-4

“when we tally up the results of our observations of anything, tiny or not, what we see are ‘real’ things.  we deal with probability-curves, not possibility-waves, and we determine the odds as if possibility-waves did not exist.  yet they apparently do exist.  not only that, from the viewpoint of quantum physics, they are essential to every perception we make.  in the end, it is the squaring of all possibility-waves that allows us to make sense of the world.  i mean sense in two ways:  the ability to directly perceive that world through our common senses, and the ability to order and understand what we perceive.

“let’s review what we know about possibility-waves and probability curves.  we know that probability-curves add up to produce outcome probabilities.  we know that when possibility-waves add up, they either cancel or reinforce each other, each option producing a very different outcome probability.  when we consider possibility-waves, we add them and then square the result to get a probability-curve.  but when we only consider separate probability-curves, we add them to get a single probability-curve.

“consider the following questions:
1. what determines whether we add probability-curves after squaring possibility-waves or add possibility-waves before squaring them to yield a probability-curve?
2. in other words, when do we add probability-curves and when do we add possibility-waves?
3. put slightly differently, which comes first:  add and then square, or square and then add?

“since possibility-waves are apparently a figment of our mind, it seems the answer to the first question can be stated simply enough:  our mind.  and since probability-curves do correspond to reality – that stuff ‘out there’ – the answer to the second question must be: we add probability-curves when we become conscious of ‘out there,’ so it should logical  follow that we would add possibility-waves when we remain conscious of ‘in here’ rather than ‘out there.’  the answer to the third question is: when we deal with the world as we imagine it to be, we add and then square.  but when we deal with the world outside of our minds, we square and then add.” p150-1

“certainly we see evidence of this connection in this business of adding possibility-waves and then squaring them to get probability-curves, or of squaring the possibility-waves and then adding the resultant probability-curves.  i would like to add mind into the equation, so to speak, and simply say that this is what mind does.  it converts possibility-waves to probability-curves by performing this squaring operation, which then produces probabilistic effects in the real world.” p152

“the normally accepted point of view, originating with bohr and in which some physicists believe, imagines that when any observation occurs the possibility-wave paranormally squares itself, producing a probability-curve.  in explaining this squaring operation, this school of thought usually evokes some form of ‘magical wand’ to carry out the squaring operation, yet no one can find a quantum rule spelling out how some sort of physical agent could ever appear.

“recognizing this limitation, cramer asked: how does this squaring ocur?  he notied that this operation is a little different from just multiplying the wave by itself.  to compute the probability of the even, the wave must actually be multiplied by another wave that is nevertheless nearly the same in form and content as the original wave.  this other possibility-wave, for mathematical reasons, is called the complex-conjugate wave, and it differs in a subtle way from the original possibility-wave.” p152-3

“even though quantum physics is quite rigorous, nowhere in it is there any law explaining what occurs physically when a quantum wave is multiplied by its complex-conjugate.  nowhere is the complex-conjugate wave given any physical significance, except for a funny little quirk: the complex-conjugate wave happens to be a solution to the same equations of quantum physics solved by the original possibility-wave, provided that in writing those equations you let time run backward instead of forward!…if the quantum wave is a real wave, then the conjugate wave is also a real physical wave, but with a twist in time.” p153

“the conjugate possibility-wave travels in the opposite spatial direction as it goes back through time, eventually reaching the original possibility-wave’s origin.  we imagine that at every point along its way it meets up with the original wave coming forward in time.  the two then combine in space.  in physics, the conjugate wave is said to ‘modulate’ the original wave. ..

“when the future-generated conjugate wave propagates back through time to the origin of the quantum wave itself, it meets the original quantum wave.  then in space and tiem the two waves multiply, and the result is the creation of the probablity-curve for the event occurring in space and time.” p155

“[john g.] cramer calls the original wave an ‘offer’ wave, the conjugate wave an ‘echo’ wave, and the multiplication of the two a ‘transaction.’  a transaction occurs – involving an offer and an echo – much like that between a computer and a  peripheral device…in these examples, an offer wave is sent to a receiver.  the receiver accepts the offer and sends confirmation back along the same line…

“every observation is both the start of a wave propagating toward the future in search of a receiver-event and itself the receiver of a wave that propagated towards it from some past observation-event.  in other words, every observation – every act of conscious awareness – sends out both a wave toward the future and a wave toward the past.  both the beginning of the wave and the end appear in our minds – our future mind, our present mind, and our past mind.  two events in normal, or serial, time are then said to be significantly connected, that is, meaningfully associated, with respect to each other, provided that the transaction between them conserves the necessary physical constants and satisfies the necessary boundary conditions.

“but an interesting problem remains:  which future even sends back the echo wave?  cramer believes that only one future does this – the one producing the echo that happens to have the best chance of forming a successful transaction with the present.” p156

“it seems that cramer’s ideas must be interpreted in light of the parallel universes theory.  all futures return the message, not just the best-chance future.  there are more futures ‘listening’ to the broadcast than just the one with the most sensitive and powerful receiver.  in other worlds, each parallel world contains a single future event that connects with the present even through the modulation effect.  indeed, this is how the parallel worlds become separate from each other – once a modulation takes place, the parallel worlds split off and no longer interfere with each other.

“what about time?  if both the possibility-wave and the complex-conjugate wave are real, time must not be like a one-way river after all.  events that have passed must still be around.  events that will be must exist like new scenes around blind corners on the roads of life.  and if both the future and the past exist, then, quantum physics implies, devices must be feasible that can enable us to tune in on the future and resonate with the past.

“these devices seem to be our own brains, with our minds the controlling factors.  when we remember a past event, we are not digging through anything like a file or computer memory bank.  rather, following quantum rules, we are constructing a past based on the multiplication of two clashing time-order streams of possibility-waves.  taken literally, this means that the past stream (the one flowing from past to present) must originate in the past the same way that the present steam (the one flowing from present to past) originates in the present.  past and present, then, somehow exist side-by-side.

“it follows that the future, too, exists side-by-side with the present and that at this moment we are sending possibility-waves in that direction.  moreover, someone called ‘me’ in the future is also sending back through time conjugate possibility-waves, which will clash with the waves being generated now.

“if these streams ‘match,’ in the sense that the modulation produces a combined wave of some strength, and if there is a ‘resonance,’ meaning that the future and the present events are meaningful for me, then a real future is created from my present point of view and a real memory of sequences is created in the future.  if the streams do not match – meaning that the combined wave is weak and there is no resonance – then the connection of that future and that present will be less meaningful.  meaningful here refers to the probability-curve.  the implied law of time travel is:  the greater the probability, the more meaningful the transaction and the greater the chance of it occurring.

“the closer in time the sources of these waves are, the more likely it is that the two counter-time possibility-wave streams will produce a strong probability with a good chance of becoming real.  quite possibly, visionaries are those who successfully marry streams coming from time-distant sources, and people unable to cope with life are those who lack the ability for even the shortest time distances.

“for most of us, though we might not be aware of it, time travel toward both the very near future and the immediate past already occurs in our minds.  we saw the evidence for this as presented by ben libet and his associates, in chapter 4.  libet showed that we become aware of a bodily sensation, such as a sound that just happened, by referring back in time from a later moment of a brain signal arrival to the earlier moment of the bodily sensation.  in other words, we seem to be aware of events before our brain registers them.

“think for a moment of the past, present, and future existing side-by-side.  if we were able totally to ‘marry’ corresponding times in each and every moment of our time-bound existences, there would indeed be no sense of time for us.  we would all realize the timeless state that many spiritual traditions take to be our true and basic state of being.  instead, we find ourselves entering into one or the other parallel universe and thus failing to discriminate between the many past- and future-sending stations and all of the parallel universes attempting to communicate with us.  thus we live time-bound lives disconnected to some extent from other possible pasts and futures.” p156-8

“those we call visionaries may well be those who are able to tune out everyday life and tune in to these other worlds.” p159

“reality as we perceive it, according to quantum physics, depends on the subtle relationship between a possibility-wave and a probability-curve.  possibility-waves determine when and with what likelihood events occur.  they don’t do so directly, however, for they are submerged under the reality we perceive.  yet they are capable of both reinforcing and canceling each other, thereby affecting what we perceive by ‘shaving the odds’.  these odds show up as probability-curves, which determine the probabilities of the events in question.  probability-curves arise when two related possibility-waves multiply each other.  we can envision one of the waves as moving forward in time between two events happening at different times, ad the other as moving backward through time between the same two events.  through this process, time itself emerges, as do our immediate experiences.  the causal relationships we see between events themselves arise from this deeper order where the possibility-waves reside.” p159

every skill we perform – even the ability to sit in a chair or read a book – implies a probability-curve in our consciousness whose effect is being expressed through time , even if we have forgotten all about working with that curve or never even knew such a curve existed..

“when we no longer have to pay attention to the probability-curve involved in any skill, we label that skill a habit.  even thought habits appear to be unconscious, they actually are not.  we can become aware of them at any time – in many cases, simply by willing our minds to do so.  although habits are difficult to change, we all know they can be changed if we bring them into our immediate awareness.  in fact, that is the practice of mind yoga and of yoga in general.

“in essence, mind yoga is at first the practice of bringing habits to consciousness.  this practice lays the groundwork for the kind of time travel i discussed in chapter 7, based on what we have learned from the sphere of many radii.  the time traveler sitting in the sphere travels in time as the sphere shifts his possibility-wave.  mind yoga enables you to make similar shifts in your possibility-wave.  hence we need to deal with the possibility-waves that underlie our habitual behavior and see how they get changed into probability-curves.  the possibility-waves, however, are not available to us in spacetime.  we must deal with them in the subtler level of reality that i call sub-spac4etime and realize that our conscious experiences in fact arise from this realm.  the question is, how to we access sub-spacetime?” p165-6

“crucial throughout your developmen was your instinctive concern with survival – your ability to move your body and care for and protect it.  hence you have come to believe you have no choice in the matter:  you are what your body tells you it is through the feedback loops in the nervous system.

“the spiritual traditions of the world tell us that we are more than merely what our bodies tell us we are.  and many of us – mystics and nonmystics alike – may catch glimpses of what they’re talking about from time to time.  but these insights also tend to be explained in physical terms.  the conviction that material objects are more real is so convincing that it becomes our default assumption.  it takes a lot of teaching and practice – a steady practice of mind yoga – to convince us otherwise.

“this habitual notion – that the physical world is more real – continues to make its presence felt in science, even though quantum physics tells us repeatedly that the basis of this notion is flawed.  that basis is the conviction that the world we experience is the world of classical, newtonian physics, and it is fixed in our minds through powerful logic and buttressed with mathematical argument.  if this view of things were true, it would mean that consciousness must arise out of the interactions of matierial objects.  but in none of our neurological or biological studies of these interactions do we see anything like consciousness emerge.

“it is important to note that when we observe consciousness in others, we are objectifying it, seeing it in terms of what our sense organs tell us.  but when we observe consciousness within ourselves, this process of objectification totally, and necessarily, fails.  this faulty assumption is first of all the belief, based on our observations, that others we see around us are physical beings who ‘have’ consciousness; and secondly, that the connection between material processes and the consciousness we think we’re seeing applies to our own inner experiences in the same way.  hence we believe that, whatever mind is, it has grown out of matter in some causal manner.

“let me go through the evidence for believing that mind arises out of matter.  it its strongly based on the theory of evolution.

“we see that intelligent entities like animals and people exhibit varying degrees of complexity.  we appear to be more complex than single-celled animals, for example, so we take it for granted that our sophisticated minds arose from this complexity.  in brief, amoebae don’t think because they are too simple; we thing because we are sufficiently complex.

“…we see evidence that through random events affecting genetic material of simple animals exposed to environmental changes over many life spans, these life forms adapt.  they learn to make changes that fit the changes occurring in their environment…

“we understand survival in terms of the law of cause and effect.   how a creature adapts itself depends on cuases affecting its life span handed down to it from its ancestors…

“these observations – and i am sure more could be added – would certainly be true, provided the ground on which they are based was solid itself.  but even though these arguments are scientifically based, they still rely on the commonsense view that space, time, and matter are fundamental.  hence, anything that doesn’t fit into a matrix built up from these three elements, must not and cannot be real or have any effect on reality.  but quantum physics tells us relentlessly that there is something prior to space, time, an matter.  i call it a sub-spacetime.  others have called it the imaginal realm, and in present quantum theory it is posited to be an infinitely dimensional space.  quantum processes are vital in this realm, and what we call consciousness appears to play a fundamental role at the level of even the most primary matter, consisting of atoms and subatomic particles.  with the presence of consciousness at that level and with principles of quantum physics factored in, modern science necessarily changes the belief expressed above that consciousness or mind arose from matter, as the theory of evolution would have it.” p168-9

“you can think of the sub-spacetime realm as the great unconscious mind of god or the fundamental ground upon which reality appearing as mind and matter emerge.  the way in which this all takes place can be grasped through the roles played by possibility-waves and their transformation into probability-curves.

“possibility-waves appear to exist purely within the sub-spacetime realm.  probability-curves form our ‘out there’ consciousness; they mark time and bind the mind to the present.  in contrast, possibility-waves form our ‘in here’ consciousness, free the mind from the present, and allow the mind to be free of time.” p169-70

“it seems to be the way mind enters into the sub-spacetime realm, indeed ‘plays’ within it and emerges from it with the whole material universe in tow.

“the mind has the facility to form the ‘out there’ material world of space and time.  i am referring here to the operation of ‘squaring’ – the multiplying of one possibility-wave by its complex conjugate possibility-wave.  by this squaring mechanism, objective realities (probability-curves) are created ‘out there’ from the possibility-waves undulating within the subjective-unconscious-imaginal sub-spacetime ‘in-here’ realm.  in the process of squaring and then dealing with probability-curves, the mind moves from the purely imaginal realm into awareness of the physical realm.

“how does the mind construct reality?  i speculate that it is by accessing the squaring operation, which i believe is what yoga and other mental disciplines show us how to do.  there are two processes involved in the squaring operation.  ‘squaring,’ which is an act bringing the mind to a focus, and ‘unsquaring,’ which allows the mind to defocus of ‘let go’ of whatever it has been focused on.

“how do these mind actions compare to yoga teaching?  teachers of yoga tell me that the purpose of poses (asanas) in yoga is to bring awareness of body to mind.  the way in which this awareness occurs takes place in steps that often involve holding a pose for a period of time and then ‘breathing into it’ and adjusting the pose accordingly.  mind yoga is really no different; the language has just changed to take into account what we know about the sub-spacetime realm and its relation to the physical spacetime world.  when the mind ‘squares’ a possibility-wave, awareness arises or manifests as something physical; an objective comes into focus.  in  yogic terms, this could be the awareness of the body in a pose or the awareness that something new is emerging into thought or feeling.  so ‘squaring’ is the same as entering into a pose in yoga.  when the ‘breathing into it’ takes place, the pose is adjusted.  this is the same as ‘letting go’ or the process of ‘unsquaring,’ which changes the next ‘squaring’ operation by making it either more or less probable of success.  letting go introduces indeterminacy into the next outcome.  it means that the next act of focusing (squaring) will not be as predictable as the focusing act prior to it apparently was.  in this way we are able to make adjustments, just as the yoga teacher adjusts your pose in a class.  if you held onto the pose, you wouldn’t be able to change.

“we could say that our potential ability to ‘square things up,’ meaning address the way we handle our likes and dislikes and manage our thoughts and feelings ‘in here,’ lies in being able to align our thinking either with the past or with the future.  practices like meditation and yoga offer us the prospect of adjusting the dynamics involved in the squaring and unsquaring operations, opening the door to new possibilities ‘out there,’ and, most important to our time travel discussion, being able to move a point of view either backward or forward in time.  at first the idea of being able to adjust the squaring operation may sound as strange as the concept of the squaring operation itself.  it turns out, however, that the squaring and, with it, the possibility of alteration through unsquaring fall within your mental abilities – your field of consciousness.  indeed, if they didn’t you wouldn’t be able to make up  your mind or change it.  for squaring and unsquaring are what we do when we exercise the mind to form a point of view or open the mind to learn something new.

“you can think of a point of view in any given moment as a focal point – a site where a possibility-wave from the past or the future meets and mixes with a possibility-wave issuing from the present moment, thus squaring and producing a probability-curve. we saw with the bell-shaped curve that many individual events go into constructing a single skill of ours such that it becomes a habit.  the same applies to our construction of reality.  any single focal point, or moment of reality, may be more or less precise…the more focused moments are when we perceive reality as objective, ‘out there.’  the more unfocused or blurry moments are moments of subjective perception, directed ‘in here’ – or else directed ‘out there’ but with less insistence that the world presents itself to us as we expect it.

“focused and unfocused sites occur in a sequential pattern.  our conscious experience consists of a sequence of these focal points, sites of more specific focus separated by sites of unfocused possibilities.

“continuing with my speculative point of view, i suggest that this sequence of focused and unfocused sites is what offers us the perception of time.  the sequence provides us with a temporal sense – the ability to objectify our experiences throught the measure of time, as well as our own self-awareness and memory.  in this sense, time and consciousness are actually different labels for one and the same thing – the  process by which we become attached to material existence.  having recognized what causes our attachment to the everyday world of matter and causality, we can detach ourselves from its confines – that is, we can defeat time.” p170-2

“the object appears blurry because it has no actual fixed position.  that is, in fact, the whole point of quantum physics – to deal with the blurs and find some way to take them into account.  one way is simply to deny that the object exists at all until the blur becomes focused.  this was the bohr interpretation discussed earlier.  another way is to think of the blur as if it were an overlap of possible ‘real’ objects – each object existing in a separate parallel universe – just as if one had each  possible object appearing as a picture on a transparency and overlaid them above a light source.  this was the parallel-universes interpretation discussed earlier.  the greater the blur area, the greater is the number of parallel universes involved.  these potential parallel universes exist in sub-spacetime.  physicist amit goswami refers to this sub-spacetime array of cellophane universes as a potentia or ideaistic reality that resides beyond spacetime.  physicist roger penrose wrote extensively about this idealistic reality as a third world of existence, akin to plato’s world of ideals.  penrose takes the existence of this world quite seriously and believes that consciousness works in a nonalgorithmic manner in its actions of squaring.  as we have seen, i take it that the squaring arises from the mechanism suggested by cramer’s transactional interpretation.

“let’s see if we can discover how objeCts manifest in spacetime from beyond spacetime, using this picture as our guide.  we can imagine a sequence of blurry and focused photos as shown in fig. 9.2 [from l-r and bottom-top, fuzzy, more fuzzy, focal point, little fuzzy, more fuzzy, focal point.  underneath a diagonal line l-r labeled temporal order.  caption reads focal points of consciousness mark time].  we also note that the sequence can be put into an order.  which ‘photo’ should be first and which second?  in other words, how should we sort the sequence?

“to deal with the sorting problem, think about what it would mean if no focal points were to occur in the whole universe.  if we could step back from it and watch, without squaring, all possibility-waves, we would see the universe evolve by getting more and more blurry.  in fact, all that would exist would be a growing blur of uncertainty with nothing really ever happening and no one really ever witnessing anything occurring.  if such a thing were to occur in the universe around us, it would become more and more chaotic and entropy would reign supreme.

“but nothing like that occurs because mind enters into the growing disorder and plays a role by bringing in a focal point of view – an ability to choose – which it does through the act of squaring.  however, in so doing, although an orderly world of cause and effect arises, a quality of life begins to fade.  for with greater certainty, there also comes less joy, less spontaneity, and certainly little room for mystery and surprise.  the dance of life appears to be a dance involving focusing and unfocusing, squaring and unsquaring – letting go of – possibility-waves, so that mastery of life and the occurrence of novelty, joy, bliss , and sorrow can continue.

“taking into account the continual play of mind within the sub-spacetime arena, in fact, t here seems to be a natural order of relative focus and blurriness – certainty and uncertainty – to the way we construct the sequence of focus and unfocused sites we call reality.

“any sequence of three sub-spacetime sites containing a focal point is called a ‘triplet.’  in any such sequence, the normal and natural order is a larger blur prior to the focal point and a smaller blur following it (see figure 9.3).  in other words, a focused site of consciousness is preceded by an unfocused site of greater possibility or uncertainty and is followed by an unofocused site that is nevertheless more certain than the previous unfocused site.  said yet another way, the relative certainty of a focused site reduces the possibilities.  we know little or nothing about the object – or a group of objects or a whole scene – before the focused perception, and we know more about it afterwards.

“i call this the quantum law of normal time order.  the word normal is important.  this is the order that nature, including the human mind, follows on its own.  and in so doing, nature creates the objective time order we have grown accustomed to.

“normally, in relation to the focal point, the precedent blur appears larger than the  posterior blur.  but it is also possible for both blurs to be the same size or for the precedent blur to be smaller than the posterior blur.  each sequence of three points – each triplet – depicts a different order, with the focal point always in the middle of the blurs.  if the precedent blur is larger than the posterior blur – the ‘normal’ situation – the sequence represents some gain of control over and knowledge about the object in question.  if the precedent blur is the same size as the posterior blur – the ‘balanced’ situation – the sequence represents some habitual behavior and a degree of control over the object.  if the precedent blur is smaller than the posterior blur – the ‘reversed’ situation – the sequence represents some loss of control over and knowledge of the object.

“you can think of the focal points as places in spacetime where objective awareness occurs and the more blurred sites as places where objective awareness diminishes but subjective awareness persists.  squaring, which changes a possibility-wave into a probability-curve, corresponds to the process that produces a focused point, or ‘sudden awareness,’ while unsquaring produces a blurred site, that is, ‘unawareness’ or unconsciousness.  that is to say, blurring represents a fuzziness in the sense of reality or the content of the perception.

“before squaring, multiple possibilities exist in sub-spacetime.  after squaring, the number of possibilities is less.  in other words, even though you might not know where the object is, it has now become tangible.  although the object is in focus in sub-spacetime, its actual position in the objective realm of spacetime still remains undetermined.  you can think of it as having a real existence somewhere at sometime.  in other words, it counts as an objective choice that is present, even t hough you may not actually observe that choice.  it exists in the same sense that different choices exist as possible outcomes.  this means it has entered what i’ll call objective consciousness, even though you may not yet experience that knowledge.” p174-6

“mind yoga consists of controlling sequences of focal points and blurs, in other words, of controlling triplets.” p177

“[fig 9.4, alternating blurs and points rising from lr left, connected by arrows.  blurs gradually get smaller toward uppr rt.  diagonal line l-r says time order emerging.  captions – control of an emerging time order and creating a habit] in figure 9.4, we see a series of triple sequences arranged according to a diminishing of the blurs until a triplet arises where the posterior and precedent blurs are approximately the same size.  this sequencing represents a growing control over the object and marks habitual behavior; that is, the degree of uncertainty both before and after the actual perception of reality is minimized and hardly changes.  when control is established, temporal order or causality emerges.  we gain an understanding of the process and the ability to control and predict its behavior.  in other words, the sequence becomes a habit wherein the probable consequences are narrowed, as indicated by the narrowing of the blurs and the emergence of a greater number of focal points.  in time, the unfocused past becomes entirely  unavailable and only the focused control remains as past reality.  what we believe to be the past, whether pleasant or not, appears to us as events over which we had some control.  even though we may have had a lot less control over the actual events, the fact that we remember them itself gives us a certain degree of control over them.

“the natural course of possibility-waves, without the intervention of consciousness to create a focused point, is to go from a more- to a less-focused pattern.  that is why our perception of reality tends to blur and spread out after a focused moment.  we can use this natural process to advantage.  in figure 9.5 we see a ‘letting go’ process wherein the object appears to be going in reverse of the picture shown in figure 9/4 [difference is diagonal line now runs r-l and says time order going backward, and caption says time reversal, letting go of the past].  this corresponds to letting go of any anticipation or control and also of any clear memory of the past, which is the key to many meditation practices and most particularly to yoga.  when we let go, we ‘unfocus’ or free up any picture we had of where, when, and how an object exists.  we let go of expectations.  once an object is ‘freed,’ moreover, the possibilities associated with it increase at any particular location in spacetime.  the unfocused object ‘spreads out,’ meaning that we are no longer looking for possible positions th object may have in the future, and no attempt is made to square again the possibility-wave for any of these possible positions.  the spreading of a freed object continues and in general would continue to fill the entire universe if no further squaring ever took place.  in psychological terms, this corresponds to forgiving ourself or another, giving up expectations, and even facing the moment of death.

“these two abilities, focusing and letting go, constitute the basic binary activity of conscious life.  through focus we learn to control or master the skills we need to cope, and through unfocusing we learn to relax and let the world in without judgment.  the progression created by successive focal points of concentration and fuzziness – ‘crunch’ and ‘relax’ – establishes a time order, which is the basis for the history of the individual.

from your birth until your death, you will believe, and the world around you will most likely insist, that you have lived your life along a time line pointing to ever-increasing years and old age.  but as we have learned, that line has several loops in it, allowing you through the processes of squaring and unsquaring to move forward or backward in time while the remaining world moves on in agreed temporal order.  becoming a time traveler through mind yoga means learning how and when to focus and unfocus your mind.  traveling forward in time means following the natural order shown in figure 9.4, while traveling backward means reversing that order, as shown in figure 9.5.

“it is interesting to compare the evolving time order presented here and its reversal with the thermodynamic arrow of time introduced in chapter 4.  there we saw that, contrary to what i am proposing here, the requirement of energy losses due to friction inherent in any machine’s operation tends to imply that the direction of time is associated with these losses in available energy to do work.  in today’s technology, we look at this as the law of increasing entropy and see it as a measure of these energy losses.  we tend to believe that entropy increases as time goes on.  hence the more chaotic it becomes the later it becomes.

“i explained that quantum physics indicates that without observers, possibility-waves tend to spread out emulating this law of entropy.  but no time would appear in such a universe.  possibilities would just go on increasing without end.  but, and this is crucial, the world involving ourselves appears to reverse that law.  when such a reversal arises, we usually give arguments based on energy to account for the reversal, in the same sense that a refrigerator reverses the law of entropy by pumping heat from  a cold body to a warmer body simply because we add energy to it.  consciousness acts in the universe like the energy added to a refrigerator – it reverses the law of entropy.  and because it is so prevalent, i take this to be the natural temporal law of the universe including mind, whereas thermodynamics, physics, and science in general omit the actions of mind in their calculations.

“in summary, when an unsquaring operation occurs, a letting go or some kind of release takes place, and for the system time goes backward.  for example, you experienced this state all the time as a baby, when you were constantly opening your mind to learn something new in order to understand your environment and grow up.  the letting go that takes place in mind yoga is akin to returning to this childlike state.  instead of maximizing entropy, which implies decrepitude, it is a simpler, more probable, and thereby more creative state, and while in it, time travel becomes possible.” p178-81

“the concepts of time and mind are reconcilable – and can, in fact, have the same meaning.

“this realization comes from recognizing that the mind works by a process of defocusing and focusing, which means it can learn how to let go of memories (allowing them to return to the great blur of possibility), and it can learn how to focus in on possibilities (allowing a specific event to come into being).  this process is also the practice of mind yoga.  while that much may seem sensible, in chapter 9 i added a new twist by suggesting that this process is actually what brings time about.  hence, the relation between mind and time takes on a whole new meaning.

“through the practice of focusing and defocusing, although we may not realize it in our everyday lives, time is actually being created, and this creation makes time travel a necessary part of the way that mind functions and the way time works…the mind would travel forward in time following the natural sequence shown in figure 9.4 and travel backward following the reverse sequence shown in figure 9.5.  every day of or mental life, we follow both directions as we go about doing our tasks.  when we let go of old habits, we move backward in time; and when we follow habitual behavior, we move forward.  of course, this process refers to our subjective time-sense, which may run counter to or in the same direction as objective time.

“not only does our ‘in here’ time direction change in the focusing and defocusing processes, but the rate the process ensues can also change.  that is, we can move forward or backward through time either faster or slower than the rate at which objective time progresses.  i discuss this rate change in more detail later.  it is my speculation that, through our realization of the different way time functions ‘in here,’ we actually came to the discovery and agreement among our fellows needed to create objective time.  evolutionarily, we needed objective time because time travel was confusing.  human beings created objective time to assist in their communal survival.” p183-4

“time travel as envisioned through the mind, though, is a very different thing [as constructing an actual time machine using a sphere of many radii], and bringing it into the discussion immediately plunges us into the areas of psychology and spirituality.  the mind is not objectifiable; hence, experiments dealing with it are ultimately indirect – including experimentation on human and animal behavior and its possible modification through physical means or stimuli of some kind.  using the mind for time travel is not only indirect, it is also highly subjective.  as such, it becomes part of spiritual discipline as much as of psychology.

“i briefly explained in chapter 1 that time travel using the mind gives the traveler a whole new vista of possible exploration, but it also requires a sacrifice.  many of us feel the need to carry lots of baggage when we travel any distance; however, to time travel we must leave some seemingly very important luggage behind.  that baggage, which is our egos and our sense of individuality, may be something we would rather not and, indeed, may not even be able to leave.   it is this luggage that prevents the time traveler’s access to the future and the past.  we have spent our lives developing our sense of who and what we believe we are.  the ego appears  to us as robust and indispensable, yet ancient spiritual teaching tells us that it is only an illusion through which each of us conceives of ourselves as a singular entity, or ‘i.'” p184-5

“possibly our notions about the mind have been put in the wrong categories to begin with.  because the mind cannot be objectified, objective – psychological or behavioristic – ways of thinking about it will not and cannot pertain.  but a new, subjective model of the mind could change the way we think scientifically and influence research in a science of mind.” p186

“the key to our grasp of the true message of spirituality, as ell as of the means to time travel, is our ability to become aware of that extra baggage we all carry called the ego – or our normal, everyday state of waking consciousness in which we think of ourselves as ‘i.’  but what is the ego, really?  i like to thin k of it as a closed surface in the imaginal realm of the mind.  any closed surface will do.  you could imagine a spherical bubble, for example.  for this discussion, think of a six-sided cubical room.  each of its four square walls and the ceiling and floor has its inner surface coated with a mirror.  hence, all light within the cubical room reflects inward to the cube’s center.  the room is the ego.  it thus acts by protecting whoever sits inside of it from the ‘out there,’ and, because of the mirrors, it also acts as a focusing device.  in so doing, the ego provides a kind of theater in the mind that keeps us entertained by t his continuing reflected lightshow.  the mirrors aren’t quite perfect, so that light from ‘out there’ gets in and mixes with the internal reflections.  hence, we are able to compare the information from ‘out there’ with the lightshow going on ‘in here.’

“this lightshow holds our minds in our bodies in much the same way as we become glued to our seats when we are captivated by a good movie.  although we are only witnesses to life’s passage, we experience that passage as participants.  we see ourselves, not as images on a screen, but as real selves each inside of his or her own private world – our bodies.

“why does this happen?  it seems to me that god requires a great number of focal centers in order to awaken fro the illusory trap of material existence.  each center appears as a single self with the ego providing a surface of surrounding ‘mirrors’ producing the focusing, as i discussed above and in chapter 9.  in other words, god has become trapped in spacetime, fully aware that he or show would become so trapped and willing to have it happen.  this is the great sacrifice talked about in ancient teaching.  in order to make a physical world that would remain robust, god had to become a part of it.

“what i have discovered through the theories of quantum physics, parallel universes, the special theory of relativity, and the general theory of relativity has allowed me to understand how god becomes so self-trapped.  in order to change possibilities of life into actualities, the mind of god must anchor itself in specetime and appear as individual minds within bodies.  put simply, by so doing, god pins her or his mind in time and appears as conscious bodies in space.

“the world of matter may be an illusion, no doubt, according to many spiritual beliefs.  but it certainly seems real to all of us who have apparently not remembered this sacrifice of god.  as such, the illusion appears as the ongoing ‘movie’ that connects objective time and subjective mind.  this entrapment of the mind of god not only stabilizes the universe (without mind in the universe nothing material would ever appear, according to quantum physics), but it also enables mind to experience itself as ‘other’ beings.  it provides a common awareness of the physical world, and it gives us a sense of objective time and space.  time becomes what we agree it is through common experiences.

“let me now look at how time travel is possible through surrender of the ego: ego and time-boundedness are connected.  what we think we are, and what we truly are, are not the same things.  what we think we are is greatly influenced by the egoistic reflections of the mind.  what we are remains as the mind of god.  the ego forms as a boundary separating the ‘out there’ from the ‘in here.’  it does so as an evolutionary attempt to protect life.  as life evolves, oder schemes of protection are no longer needed (although ti is not entirely clear which schemes should be dropped) and, by changing our self-imposed boundaries, we can excape from the spacetime matrix that binds the mind.

“time is intimately related to mind and thought and, as we saw in chapters 8 and 9, to possibility and probability; hence, time is as real as thought.  however, we all have access to that timeless, spaceless realm where time itself is created.  time is a projection of mind, and by changing our ego structures – the way we think about our roles as individuals in the world – we can defeat our ego-conditioning and become aware of our ability to time travel.

“this escape from ego-boundedness and consequent possibility of time travel provides great and singular benefits.  identified with our bodies, which are limited in space and time, we sentient beings have lost the experience (if it can be called that) of residing in timeless, spaceless eternity (now being investigated by physicists studying superstring theory and quantum physics, although they may not think of it in this manner).  time travel frees us from such limitations.  this freedom typically occurs when we practice any spiritual discipline that alters the relation between body and mind, especially body  yoga and mind yoga.  it allows us to move through time and to improve our quality of life by revisiting past errors and learning to forgive ourselves and others.  it gives a fresh, life-affirming quality to everyday existence.  perhaps (and maybe most important for some), it teaches us to slow our body’s aging processes.” p188-90

“different cultures have different time concepts and hence view time differently.  both native americans and australian aboriginal people view time as a duality – a linear time that you and i are familiar with, plus a circular or sacred time.  with the discovery of curved time in the general theory of relativity, we may be seeing reconciliation between the two views.  curved time comes about through gravity – the force that holds the earth together and all objects together.  we can think of gravity, as well as matter and energy, as a sacred part of nature.  i see this as a strong indication that physics and spirituality are indeed realizing the same truth.

“ancient spiritual wisdom also suggests it is  possible t make time speed up or slow down by using the mind.  these interesting possibilities can be considered from the views both of physics and of ancient wisdom.  in chapter 8, we discussed the idea of using the mind to time travel in connection with the focusing and defocusing of mind.  slowing down occurs when slow focusing is initiated, while speeding up occurs when rapid focusing takes place.

“if you look again at figures 9.2 through 9.5, you will see how i depicted, through the use of blurs and focal points, the idea that any sequence represents either the growing control or the loss of control of an object.  habitual behavior occurs when the degree of uncertainty, both before and after an actual perception of reality, is minimized and hardly changes.  in such a state, a person gains control over some aspect of her life.  that control was illustrated by the amount of blurriness shown in the figures.

“what i didn’t tell you there was that this theory as shown in these figures also illustrates the degrees of certainty one has concerning who is in control  moreover, it points to ancient wisdom (as i think the deceased spiritual teacher krishnamurti used to mention years ago) suggesting that the observer and the observed are one.  the blurred pictures show the spread of ego over different possible universes, as well as the uncertainty of position of an object in space.  the greater the blur, the less the egoistic control.  in other words, blurring also represents surrendering the ego.  you can think of each little sphere in any blur of spheres as a separate ego in a parallel universe.  the more parallel universes present, the greater the blur and the less presence of ego in any single universe.

“hence, defocusing actually meaas entering parallel universes, but with less grasp or control in any one universe.  focusing, on the other hand, not only provides certainty, it also provides a stable ego able to ascertain that certainty in a universe.  uncertainty not only indicates unknowing of a position of an object in spacetime, it also indicates a letting go of the ego by spreading it out over parallel universes.  the greater the number of parallel universes, the greater the uncertainty, according the quantum physics, and the lesser the ability for an ego to gain control.

“although it may seem difficult to believe, i time travel everyday.  i do so by simply gaining or surrendering control of my ego in holding onto or letting go of fixed ideas i have about myself and others.  letting go of my ego allows me to defocus and to move backward in time.  gaining control of my ego allows me to go forward in time.  in this way, we can practice and naturally realize time travel in our everyday lives.  it all depends on the intention of the observer.

“let me give you some examples.  first, we need to emphasize that time is not just ‘out there,’ even though we observe objective processes as if they occur ‘in time/out there.’ remember, time is created by the mind.  as i mentioned at the start of this chapter, so are rate changes in its flow.  the intervals of time we objectively mark as actual experiences appear as punctuations of consciousness.  when many such punctuation (focal ) points occur, we count them and mark them as ‘time’s passing.’  in this manner, we acquire a ‘sense of time.’  if, say, a hundred such focal points occur that through habit we believe take a hundred seconds of objective time, we would afterward think that the same amount of time has passed, regardless of how much the clock-on-the-wall time has advanced.

“for example, if i experience a hundred ‘second-units’ in one objective second, as when i experience myself moving consciously and rapidly (as athletes typically experience in such sports as downhill skiing), time around me seems to stand still.  in this case, i am experiencing a tightening of my ego – perhaps greater concern for my safety – which speeds time up.  people w ho suffer automobile accidents often have this experience of ‘time-speeding.’  notice that i refer here to the sensation i have of speeding, not to the objective amount of clock-on-the-wall time, which for me has slowed down.  people who have ‘out-of-body’ (oob) experiences also feel a tightening of the ego’s hold on the mind. as a result, they have the sensation of experiencing many subjective events while little objective time has actually passed.  i realize that this statement may seem counter to what you may have thought takes place in an oob experience;  i.e., that in such a state, one is surrendering the ego.  actually, however, the very opposite occurs, in which the centers of focus shift from the whole body to the brain.  hence, the ego contracts even more, an the information received is even more illusory than in a normal state of consciousness.

“on the other hand, when i experience a hundred ‘second units’ in slow meditation, time around me seems to speed up, and i experience ‘time-slowing’ relative to the clock on the wall.  i also experience time-slowing – which means i age less rapidly, even though the clock says i have aged normally – when i am creative and writing, as i am accustomed to do every day.  typically, i may engage in writing for a period of hours that actually appears to me to take only minutes.  artists often experience this ‘time-slowing’ when engaged in creative activity.  here a surrendering of the ego occurs, and i seem to lose any sense of who it is that is doing the creating.  people who act as channels know very well what this experience is all about.  in a very real sense, to me creative activity not only takes me out of my ego, it allows my access to parallel universes where i can pick up lots of new information.

“hence, i am able to time travel at different rates into the future and into parallel universes depending on the degree of loosening or tightening of my ego.

“but what about going back in time?  according to quantum-physics principles, what we think of as the ‘real’ past is also alterable and not fixed.  this is certainly one of the strangest ideas to come out of quantum physics, yet we know from the uncertainty principle that the past cannot be absolutely pinned down and that consequently, one can change it by remembering it differently…

“consequently, in certain experiments it is possible actually to change our reconstruction of past sequences of events by changes we make in the present or future observations.  such changes not only alter our memories, they also alter what we can legitimately reconstruct as the history of the events leading up to the present or future change.  does the ‘real’ history change?while i may say it does according to my theory presented here, and others may say it doesn’t because of their beliefs, how could we prove it either way?” p190-194

“consider the reexamination of your own thoughts.  in accordance with the uncertainty principle, such an examination can alter your past recollection and the past as well.  (of course, what we mean by the past depends on more than one person’s point of view.)  what seems clear from this conjecture is that not only can a change in the future or the present alter your memory of the past, it can also alter your own participation in that newly remembered past.  that’s what physics tells me can happen, at least, in spite of its seeming science-fiction-like appearance.

“ber with me a moment longer.  remember that unfocusing appears as a loosening of the ego’s hold in the universe.  consequently, in the  parallel-universes way of thinking, this relaxation allows the mind access to other universes where different pasts could have taken place.  as we may imagine, our memories play a much larger role in traveling back in time to parallel universes than they do in traveling forward to future ones.  time travel to past parallel universes may afford us the opportunity to alter former unfavorable situations in the direction of something more desirable for all those we encounter.  to be sure, if they haven’t made the trip with us, they will not change in spite of our efforts.  but what we wish for others we seen in the past will alter our memories of them, and certainly we will change.

“however, i am saying more than would the theory of cognitive therapy, which posits that, while we cannot change the past, we can change our interpretation of it and thus its effect on us.  if my speculation about time travel to parallel universes is correct, we can alter not only our memories of the past but even our participation in it as we reconnect a new past parallel universe with our present universe.” p194-5

“does this mean that we can all simply change t he past by wishing it to be so?  not at all.  what happened in the above story would indeed be a shift in time between parallel universes.  if it occurred, we would say we became confused and had a memory lapse.  according to quantum physics, such a shift is possible.  what’s more, the history that develops in a shift from one universe to another will be logically consistent, and we will experience it to be the only universe there is.

“certainly, messing around in the past seems to be something we should avoid if we don’t know what the consequences are likely to be.  however, if events in our present can alter history, then the past that you remember is continually changing, whether or not we actually realize it.  the past as recorded in history books, for example, will always be subject to the writer’s recall, imagination, and rationalization.  what is written as history is not the ‘real’ past, which even in the memories of those that experienced it is subject to change.” p196

“we may say that the historian has simply reinterpreted history, but that the ‘real’ history, which may be unknown, has not changed.  although that statement certainly makes common sense, it is ultimately unprovable because, according to quantum physics, there is no such thing as the ‘real’ history:  the past cannot be pinned down, even though we commonly refer to it as if it was.

“in fact, different versions of the past may be the cause of many troubles in our world today.  can you think of any current world conflict that hasn’t resulted because of diverse accountings of the participants’ ‘common’ past?  i cannot.  perhaps the realization that the past will always be changeable, and that even our memory of it can change, will give us a greater ability to be tolerant of other views.

“i know it is nearly unthinkable, and perhaps seems even ridiculous, to entertain such notions, but the past is not fixed in spite of our present memories.  each time a switch takes place reconnecting a new past parallel universe with the present universe, history changes as we remember it, and we emerge in the new parallel universe with memories now consistent with it.  certainly such shifts are indeed usually very tiny, but parallel universes are closer to us than we might imagine.  the key to accepting this concept is in releasing our hold on the idea that there is only one past back there in time.

“thus, our own personal history of our growing-up years, our past friends, where we lived, and so on, appears quite fixed in our minds.  if it were to change even slightly, though a shift to a parallel universe, the new memory would be just as fixed in our ‘newly’ made-up mind, and we would have no memory of the way it was.  these ‘blind’ shifts would not be remembered at all.  we may thus be holding at this very moment alternative memories of our parallel self, all the while thinking that we have held these memories all our life.  indeed this is strange business, but quantum physics says it’s so.

“however, for big changes to be made in the past involving parallel universes, my research suggests that many people would be needed.  it works like a hologram:  the more area of the hologram being illumined, the stronger the ‘signal,’ and the greater and more real becomes the image.  smaller changes – individual changes – can be accomplished individually or in a small group.

“for example, think of the common practice of gathering in worship.  if (hopefully) egos are surrendered, each participant has the opportunity to use his or her mind to time travel.  many people in worship tend to remember past transgressions.  but is this actually time travel?  for example, in the jewish religion, the day called yom kippur is a day of remembrance and forgiveness.  if what i am proposing is accurate, during their practice in such a gathering the worshipers can travel back in time to their ancient roots.  regardless, it would help the world if such a practice was more in the way of forgiving than simply of remembering, particularly if those holding that memory were continuing to hold a grudge.  certainly, participants in worship find benefit in their practice if they do surrender their egos.  if they forgive, they will change the world.  and if i am correct, they will also have time traveled.

“on the other hand, iyengar hatha yoga practitioners tell me that body memory often works as a detriment to growth and change.  your memories act as the chains felt by the prisoners of plato’s cave.  you may be holding a particular posture incorrectly for long periods of time because your body holds a memory that prevents you from a fuller extension.  using time-travel techniques – loosening the egoistic concerns (such as ‘i won’t do this because i will look foolish’ or ‘i’m afraid’)  – could help you speed up the learning process just by changing your past beliefs and forgiving yourself.  simply stop putting yourself down for past errors of judgment and realize that a particular memory may have served you well in your past but no longer needs to be a chain holding you there.

“in this light, a group that attempts to practice worship without really letting go of the ego will not time travel and as a consequence will not receive any benefit thereby, simply because no one in the group will have succeeded in the voyage.  fear and unforgivingness only result in a replay of the old movie we cannot let go of.” p197-8

“the key ingredient here is realization of the sacred aspect of time travel:  give up your ego, enter the sacred timeless realm, and forgive.  such is the path to true freedom.

“as we become more aware of just what time travel really is, and we learn that the old model of linear time inevitably marching on no longer holds in our now  post-einsteinian and post-quantum physics world, the question of how and why time travel improves our lives will become more and more evident.  the crucial step is in understanding our own egos, why we have created them, and how we can control and let go of them.  not learning how and when to tighten and loosen our egos has a price; it robs us from our happiness.” p199

“the longing for positive change or spiritual change is really a waking up from the grand illusion brought on by our belief in linear, ever-increasing time.  from a timeless or spiritual base of understanding, nothing really changes.  there is a flow without time’s presence, so that each of us realizes we aren’t really separate beings limited by space and time, but a one-being, continuous and eternal.  this realization came to me from my understanding of the physics of our universe as much as it came from my own spiritual realization.

“we can all learn to reverse time, certainly for short intervals, by letting go of past fixations that tend to make us automatically predict the future.  these ’cause/effect’ relations project the normal flow of time we tend to objectify and hold as the only way that time can go.  i hasten to add that some past fixations, such as good motor-vehicle driving habits, should not be let go of!  we need them to be able to predict the other driver’s behavior, for example.  usually this keeps us safe.  but some fixations we have learned through habitual behavior do not help us at all, and by letting them go we are actually turning our internal clocks backward.  for example, if you have a bad habit that you continue to support, think of it as something that ages you unnecessarily.  breaking that habit will not only stop unnecessary aging but will reverse your internal clock, making you younger.” p199-200

“time travel, according to mind yoga, temporarily relieves the mind of god from the activity of focusing and enables god to expand across time.  thus time travel defines our relationship with god.

is reincarnation a viable idea in light of time traveling?  if reincarnation means that each of us returns intact with the same ego, i think it is unlikely.  my view posits that consciousness or mind itself is not unique to individual or even human bodies, but is universal and nonlocal.  individual consciousness is a necessary distortion of the mind of god needed for creature survival in much the same way that we need our projection mechanisms in order to make decisions about the future, or even to see that an object is ‘out there.’  we know that mental projection distors reality or creates an illusion of it, yet we are still dependent on it for our survival.  from the time-traveling perspective offered here, we see that ego surrender allows new possibilities to arise.  what may seem surprising is that as far as physics is concerned we can reincarnate in the past as well as the future.  in this light, consider that buddhists believe in a form of reincarnation different from individual consciousness survival.  they tend to see reincarnation as a process, which propagates tendencies through time rather than actual personalities.  from their vision of a timeless-deathless realm in which no one is born and no one ever dies, i suggest that reincarnatation in the  past is just as likely as reincarnation in the future.

“we have seen that time travel is intimately tied to modern physics, and that temporal concepts of physics coincide with sacred vision.  time travel involves a change in ego structure – meaning a change in an individual’s mind as it relates to spacetime.  by loosening the ego’s boundaries, one experiences oneself at several times simultaneously.  this is the natural arena of sub-spacetime – the world of the soul and of god.  in ancient times, we might have called this ‘heaven.’

“realize that we are all participating in an awe-inspiring journey given to us by our temporarily forgetting who we really are – the mind of god.  that concept may sound pretentious, but it has become and remains my faith.” p200-1

“i related the teachings of the bhagavad-gita to our western view of time and discussed the conflicts felt by arjuna when he is confronted with having to go into battle against loved ones.  krishna tells arjuna that he is time and that from his point of view the battle is already over and the outcomes determined.  krishna appears to arjuna in many forms, as if krishna was showing himself as a possibility-wave.

“krishna explains the reason we are caught in time.  he, krishna, created desire, and we express this desire in terms of the physical realm and in so doing become captured by it.  while desire for a material universe ultimately ‘creates’ the universe, the fundamental desire in individuals, whether they remember it or not, is the yearning to be krishna.  so krishna gives every sentient form the ability to focus and defocus possibility-waves and thus the means for evolution, happiness, and sadness, which arise from the probability-curves we each generate in our attempts to master the physical world.

“let’s consider the nature of desire a little farther.  the gita talks about action and introduces the idea of an ‘actionless’ action.  the difference is subtle.  normal action can do great good or evil and, since it is always accompanied by the ego-self, is concerned with the ‘fruits’ of the action.  in this case, ‘fruit’ refers to the transformation from possibility-wave to probability-curve – a process that we saw depended on the pattern of collapses or focuses as i called them.  on the other hand, actionless action works at the level of possibility-waves, and appears as selfless action when its consequences finally manifest.  hence, actionless action has an effect over a greater time period, even though its immediate consequences may appear at local times and places.” p203-4

“indian philosophy regards the timeless realm as more real than the manifested realm confined by time and space and says the task of conscious beings is to discover that timelessness and give up any hold one has on the time-space-matter universe.  it reassures us that in spite of our common experiences, needs for survival, and fear of death, our basic nature is not subject to life and death.  however, we cannot realize this truth so long as we remain consumed with life’s ever-present dualities.  the key insight comes when we are able to detach ourselves from these everyday concerns.  difficult as this task may be, it is the same difficulty posed by time travel itself, for freeing oneself from life’s dualities also constitutes a necessary step in time travel.  in brief, the key to traveling through time is to free yourself from your everyday concerns.” p205

“we discovered that the seemingly ever-forward flowing movement of time is changed in the brain and begin to see that consciousness and time are therefore intimately related and, indeed, may be the same thing.” p206

“a quantum computer – a device that uses qubits, or number possibilities, rather than numbers.  by putting the quantum  computer into a special state, the possibility-wave of the person inside the device could be shifted in time either forward or backward, thus producing counterfactual realities – a future that would have been improbable or a past that had not taken place.” p207

“we saw how possibility, probability, and time are related.  we looked at what possibility-waves accomplish and why they are necessary.  we discovered that they operate in a sub-spacetime reality and connect to spacetime reality through a simple mathematical operation called squaring, which changes these waves into probability-curves.  the ability to square affects everything that manifests, including those who carry out the operations.  i showed how the results of the squaring process depend critically on superposition – the  overlapping of two or more possibility-waves.  these waves can add together producing a new possibility-wave.  when the new waves is squared, it produces a very different probability-curve from the one produced by squaring the possibility-waves first, before making up the sum.  consequently, the squared new probability-curve gives rise to new behavior.

“i introduced several examples based on gambling house practices to clarify just how this process of squaring and then adding, or adding and then squaring, works.  we looked carefully into the question of when squaring should occur, either before we add possibility-waves or after.  the answer gave insights into habit formation and thus ways to alter our behavior by changing the structure of events in time.  we saw that waves going backward in time mix with or modulate waves coming forward in time.  the mix appears as a probability-curve.  hence, we learned that probability at any instance, although normally statistically independent from the past or future, does in fact depend on the past or on future expectation.  perhaps this explains why people often feel they are either luckier or unluckier than others.

“in chapter 9, we looked at how the notion of time arises and investigated mind yoga as a means for time travel.  we saw how habit and probability are deeply connected and how consciousness itself comes into the mix, acting as a time machine – either speeding the flow of time or slowing it down.  we saw how freeing the mind from the body – paradoxically, by engaging it more consciously with the body – enables  the person’s self-concept to dissolve. the ‘i’ or ego-self alters possibility-waves, producing probabilities for real events in the mind.  the sequential order of these probabilities produces time order.  dissolution of self-boundaries enables the experience of time travel.  as the time traveler/yogi’s body awareness changes, a quantum-physics state of consciousness arises, projecting the mind into a future or past time state.  we examined the function of sub-spacetime in this process – an imaginal realm in modern physics similar to plato’s world of ideals.  it appears that the existence of this realm provides a ‘solid’ ground of being for the physical world we are able to measure and sense.

“after this brief examination of the role of sub-spacetime, i suggested that its existence has a connection to spirituality.  the reason for this suggestion is the following:  modern physics, particularly quantum physics and the general theory of relativity, tell us that time is not as our classical physic heritage would imply.  in light of what we are learning now, time travel becomes more than a possibility; it becomes a necessity.  an old adage in physics says that whatever is not forbidden becomes compulsory.  in the last decade or so, there has been a big change in the scientific attitude toward time travel.  originally, the burden was on physicists to prove that time travel was possible.  now the burden of proof has shifted to p roving there is a law forbidding it.  it now seems that time travel may be an essential requirement in physics’ expanding menu of remarkable phenomena.” p208-9

“consciousness acts or has an effect on physical matter by making choices that then become manifest.  it now appears that such an action cannot simply take place mechanically.  implied now is a ‘chooser,’ or subject, who affects the brain and nervous system.  some physicists, such as stapp, believe that this chooser arises in the brain through past conditioning.  penrose believes the action of choosing takes place nonalgorithmically – that is, not through the action of any mathematical formula or any computer-like process.  i suggest that this chooser/observer does not exist in spacetime and is not material, which suggests that it is a spiritual essence or being residing outside of spacetime.

“the choices that the chooser chooses show as possibility-waves existing in a sub-spacetime realm.  they move about in this ream oblivious of both space and time, existing in several places simultaneously and even in the past and future at the same moment.  attempting to describe how things can exist side-by-side in the future, the past, and in several places at once seems to push language to its limits.

“when consciousness acts, possibility-waves traveling backward through time modulate waves traveling forward through time.  this modulation results in teh squaring process that yields a probability-curve that makes sense in our physical world.  the probability-curve provides us with opportunities to control our lives, for they enable us to develop habits of behavior and expectations for future success in any endeavors we pursue.  without this squaring action, the world would remain in a timeless, spaceless state of ever-changing possibilities, with nothing ever manifesting at all.  strange as it may seem, there would be no consciousness of any object appearing anywhere or anytime.  indeed, there would be no time nor space wherein anything physical could appear.

“the squaring procedure results in a pattern of possibility-waves moving across periods of time, thereby producing the past and future as well as the present.  this pattern, stretching over time through its multiple reflection, gives rise to self-consciousness and creates within spacetime the ego structure, which allows individual evolutionary behavior, survival, and spiritual awareness.  hence the ego structure or self-concept exists as a pattern in spacetime.” p210

“i believe that just as time travel is now emerging as a mainstream concept in our world, the sub-spacetime will also emerge as mainstream in the near future.

“because we are embodied and thus limited by space and time, we sentient beings have lost the experience (if it can be called that) of residing in the timeless-spaceless realm.  even bringing up the concept boggles the ind and raises hackles of suspicion and skepticism.  for centuries, spiritual practices, including meditation and various forms of ritual, have been utilized to break free of these limitations – to join us with our predecessors who have so acted in the past and to link us with those in the future who will continue the tradition.  spiritual teachers, realizing this difficulty of seeing beyond the everyday reality of space an time, ask us to practice techniques known experientially to assist one in this endeavor.  paradoxically, even though i call it an ‘endeavor,’ the techniques are really designed to break out of the endeavoring that has become habitual to us.

“[dalai lama] ‘my daily practice is preparation for death through meditation – to make a separation of the body and consciousness.  unless you reach the deepest sub-consciousness, you cannot separate this body and mind.  when you reach this deepest state, then they can separate.  then i go deeper, deeper, deeper, to the deepest which is the clear light.  sometimes i joke:  in 24 hours i experience death and rebirth seven times.  then when the actual death happens, this practice becomes very useful.’

“like death and deep meditation, the mind yoga form of time travel frees one from space-time limitation for the periods when the time travel is projected.  in other words, while the rest of us hold on to our timekeeping in the usual manner on earth – and the mu mesons hold on to their timekeeping while they speed through the universe possibly at so near lightspeed that they may ride for years of our time but less than a microsecond of theirs, and while distant parts of our universe rush away from us at so near lightspeed that in an hour for us millions of years pass for them – we in meditation are free of time altogether.

“this respite from the space-time continuum allows us to move backward in time and revisit past ‘errors.’  it enables us to forgive ourselves and others because we see that the other is nothing more than the self.  it offers a fresh, new life-affirming quality to everyday existence.  perhaps most importantly, while engaged in this kind of travel you slow your body’s aging processes, simply because the mind has relaxed its concern with creating an objective world arising from probability-curves.  by using meditation and yoga techniques, though it may not seem to be so, you are freeing yourself from time.  with practice, as ramana maharshi showed us, you will be able to ‘see’ into the past or future as well as beyond your immediate spatial region.  ultimately, as maharshi indicated, the key to time travel seems to be in surrendering egoistic patterns.  traveling into the future may, in this way, hold the possibility of a truly more peaceful world.” p209-12

“qubits are the ‘maybe’s’ of a quantum computer.  they are to a quantum computer as bits are to an ordinary computer.  a quantum computer allows users to play with arrows that never get completely thrown one way or the other while the computer computes.  in fact, a computation is nothing more than a program that tells these arrows how to change their positions form one inbetween direction to another.

“even though quantum computers work this way, ‘maybe’s’ are never seen in the ‘real’ world – all we see are the realities of 0 or 1.  hence – and this is where the quantum world enters the real world – when we attempt to find out in which direction the arrow points, we usually find that it is pointing either to the right or up, as shown in figure a.3.

“for this reason, quantum computers work best without us looking in on them and when their qubits move around in ‘maybe’ positions.  since there are an infinite number of maybe’s possible, the number of computational possibilities for quantum computers becomes well beyond the scope of any classical computer.” p218


About jeanne

artist, grandma, alien

Posted on December 29, 2011, in quantum, research. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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