progressives versus regressives

this is research.  i didn’t make it up.  it’s offensive, but oh well.

conservative personality

•Religious dogmatism
•Right-wing political orientation (in Western society)
•Insistence on strict rules and punishments
•Ethnocentrism and intolerance of minority groups
•Preference for conventional art, clothing, and institutions
•Anti-hedonistic outlook (the tendency to regard pleasure, particularly sexual, as necessarily bad)
•Superstition and resistance to scientific progress (Boshier, 1983, p. 51)

The following is a series of statements or beliefs which can be attributed to the individual who manifests a conservative personality:
•Religion of a dogmatic and fundamental nature
•Commitment to political organizations which favor maintenance of the status quo (even by force)
•Strict regulation of individual behavior
•Militarism
•Preference for people of one’s own kind
•Resistance to change
•Conventional in art and clothing
•Refusal to accept new ideas
•Superstitious and fatalistic

at the core of political conservatism is the resistance to change and a tolerance for inequality, and that some of the common psychological factors linked to political conservatism include:
Fear and aggression
Dogmatism and intolerance of ambiguity
Uncertainty avoidance
Need for cognitive closure
Terror management

many people appear to shun and even punish outsiders and those who threaten the status of cherished world views. Concerns with fear and threat, likewise, can be linked to a second key dimension of conservatism – an endorsement of inequality

-***-

Over the last quarter of a century, psychological accounts of differences between liberals and conservatives have focused largely on the dimension of open-mindedness versus closed-mindedness. Building on earlier traditions of research on authoritarianism and uncertainty avoidance, numerous studies have shown that liberals tend to score higher than conservatives on individual difference measures of openness, cognitive flexibility, and integrative complexity. Furthermore, conservatives tend to possess stronger personal needs for order, structure, closure, and decisiveness in comparison with liberals. These findings and many others seem to fit an uncertainty-threat model of political orientation

Liberal/Left-Wing

Slovenly, ambiguous, indifferent
Eccentric, sensitive, individualistic
Open, tolerant, flexible
Life-loving, free, unpredictable
Creative, imaginative, curious
Expressive, enthusiastic
Excited, sensation-seeking
Desire for novelty, diversity
Uncontrolled, impulsive
Complex, nuanced
Open-minded
Open to experience

Conservative/Right-Wing

Definite, persistent, tenacious
Tough, masculine, firm
Reliable, trustworthy, faithful, loyal
Stable, consistent
Rigid, intolerant
Conventional, ordinary
Obedient, conformist
Fearful, threatened
Xenophobic, prejudiced
Orderly, organized
Parsimonious, thrifty, stingy
Clean, sterile
Obstinate, stubborn
Aggressive, angry, vengeful
Careful, practical, methodical
Withdrawn, reserved
Stern, cold, mechanical
Anxious, suspicious, obsessive
Self-controlled
Restrained, inhibited
Concerned with rules, norms
Moralistic
Simple, decisive
Closed-minded
Conscientious

traits such as expressive, excited, enthusiastic, sensitive, and tolerant—theorized to be stronger among liberals— as well as stern, cold, mechanical, withdrawn, reserved, stubborn, restrained, and inhibited—theorized to be stronger among conservatives

Liberals were more expressive, smiled more, and were more engaged in conversation with confederates. Conservatives did not generally behave in ways that reflected greater Conscientiousness. In the context of the experimental situation, conservatives behaved in a more detached and disengaged manner in general. Although this behavior was not indicative of Conscientiousness, it did reflect the kind of withdrawn, reserved, inhibited, and even rigid interaction style that many theorists have associated with conservatism over the years

Conservatives’ bedrooms tended to include more organizational items, includng event calendars and postage stamps. They also contained more conventional decorations and items, including sports paraphernalia, flags of various types, American flags in particular, and alcohol bottles and containers. In general, conservative bedrooms were somewhat neater, cleaner, fresher, organized, and well lit. They were also significantly more likely to contain household cleaning and mending accessories such as laundry baskets, irons and ironing boards, and string or thread. These results appear to confirm theoretical contentions that concerns with cleanliness, hygiene, and order are related to political conservatism (see Table 1). Conservative offices tended to be more conventional, less stylish, and less comfortable, in comparison with liberal offices. The bedrooms of liberals suggested that their occupants were indeed relatively high on Openness to Experience. They contained a significantly greater number and variety of books, including books about travel, ethnic issues, feminism, and music, as well as a greater number and variety of music CDs, including world music, folk music, classic and modern rock, and “oldies.” Liberal bedrooms also contained a greater number of art supplies, stationery, movie tickets, and a number of items pertaining to travel, including international maps, travel documents, books about travel, and cultural memorabilia. Offices and workspaces used by liberals were judged by our coders as being more distinctive, colorful, and “fresh,” and as containing more CDs and a greater variety of books.10 It should be noted that because of the fairly large number of statistical tests conducted, it is possible that some of the significant findings were obtained by chance. Results, therefore, should be interpreted with caution.

Liberals did appear to be more open, tolerant, creative, curious, expressive, enthusiastic, and drawn to novelty and diversity, in comparison with conservatives, who appeared to be more conventional, orderly, organized, neat, clean, withdrawn, reserved, and rigid.

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About jeanne

artist, grandma, alien

Posted on January 6, 2012, in occupy, research. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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